UNRoD – United Nations Register of Damage Caused by the Construction of the Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory
The United Nations Register of Damage (UNRoD) is a subsidiary organ of the General Assembly of the United Nations. It was established in 2007 by General Assembly Resolution A/RES/ES-10/17 of the 15th December 2006. UNRoD’s mandate is to serve as a record, in documentary form, of the damage caused to all natural and legal persons concerned as a result of the construction of the Wall by Israel in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including in and around East Jerusalem.
The creation of this record follows the International Court of Justice’s advisory opinion of July 9th, 2004, stating that “by the construction of the wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including in and around East Jerusalem, and by adopting its associated régime, Israel has violated various international obligations incumbent upon it” (§143) and thus “Israel has the obligation to make reparation for the damage caused to all the natural or legal persons concerned” (§152).
According to the resolution that establishing the UNRoD, its creation should tackle “the necessity of accurately documenting the damage caused by the construction of the wall for the purpose of fulfilling the obligation to make the […] reparations, including restitution and compensation, in accordance with the rules and principles of international law, and noting that the act of registration of damage, as such, does not entail, at this stage, an evaluation or assessment of the loss or damage caused by the construction of the wall”.
In order to fulfill this mandate, UNRoD undertakes three distinct activities:
The collection of claims for registration of damage, which beforehand requires informing the concerned population and helping to complete the claim forms
The translation, processing and review of the claims UNRoD’s lawyers, based in Vienna
The inclusion of the claims into the Register, upon a decision by UNRoD’s Board, which comprises three independent persons appointed by the United Nations Secretary General and meets four times a year.
UNRoD was chaired by M. Vladimir Goryayev from January 2008 to February 2020. The procedure to designate his/her successor is ongoing.