NPT: 50th anniversary of the entry into force – Statements by the NATO Council and the nuclear weapon States [fr]
On 5 March 1970, the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of nuclear weapons entered into force. On the occasion of this 50th anniversary, statements have been published by the NATO council and by Foreign Ministers of the NPT Nuclear weapon States.
Signed 50 years ago, on 1st July 1968, the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of nuclear weapons (NPT) entered into force on 5th March 1970. France announced its adhesion to the NPT as part of the Global framework on the mastering of armament and disarmament presented by the i of the Republic to the United Nations on 3 June 1991. On 2 August 1992, France joined the Treaty, which requirements were abide by France since 1968. It is today one of the milestone of the collective security system and an unreplaceable element to maintain international peace and security. France acts to ensure the continuing existence of the NPT and its universalization..
The NPT is now close to universalization for only four States have not joined it : India, Israel, Pakistan and South Sudan.In January 2003, North Korea announced its withdrawal of the Treaty.
The Treaty distinguished five nuclear weapon States (these States have tested nuclear weapons before 1st January 1967 : France, United States, Russia, United Kingdom, China) and non nuclear weapon States (all the other States).
The NPT, initially concluded for a limited period of 25 years, was provided with an indefinite extension in 1995. A review process, described at the article VIII of the Treaty, plans for the occuring of conferences every 5 years. The next RevCon should take place in New York, from 27th April till 22nd May.
North Atlantic Council Statement on the 50th Anniversary of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the NPT entry into force, the North Atlantic council published a statement to support the treaty.
The NPT has limited the spread of nuclear weapons across the world. Since the Treaty entered into force, great progress has been made on nuclear disarmament, evidenced by the elimination of tens of thousands of nuclear weapons, and further work to implement all provisions of the Treaty remains necessary. Ongoing proliferation challenges underline the need for upholding and strengthening the Treaty, and we call on all States to enhance efforts to achieve universal adherence and universalisation, and effectively combat nuclear proliferation through full implementation of the NPT. There is no credible alternative to this Treaty. (…)
NATO Allies support the ultimate goal of a world without nuclear weapons in full accordance with all provisions of the NPT, including Article VI, in an ever more effective and verifiable way that promotes international stability, and is based on the principle of undiminished security for all. Despite its achievements, the enduring success of the NPT cannot be taken for granted and requires sustained effort. In this spirit, we call on all NPT States Parties to work together towards a successful Review Conference later this year.
The full statement can befound here.
A joint statement was delivered on 10th March 2010, by the Minister of Foreign affairs China, France, Russia, UK and US.
The NPT has provided the essential foundation for international efforts to stem the looming threat – then and now – that nuclear weapons would proliferate across the globe. In so doing, it has served the interests of all its Parties.
We also celebrate the astonishingly diverse benefits of the peaceful uses of the atom, whether for electricity, medicine, agriculture, or industry. We reiterate our strong support for broadening access to the benefits of nuclear energy and its applications for peaceful purpose. This boon to humanity thrives because the NPT, and the nuclear nonproliferation regime built around the Treaty, has helped provide confidence that nuclear programs are and will remain entirely peaceful.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) plays a critical role in NPT implementation, both to promote the fullest possible cooperation on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and to apply safeguards and verify that nuclear programs are entirely peaceful. An IAEA comprehensive safeguards agreement together with an Additional Protocol provide credible assurances of the absence of undeclared nuclear activities and should become the universal standard for verifying the fulfillment of NPT obligations. We pledge our full and continued support to the IAEA and urge others to do the same.
The full statement can befound here.