Iran : implementation of the E3/EU+3 Agreement
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has given its approval on Saturday the 16th of January concerning the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) between the E3/EU+3 and the Islamic Republic of Iran regarding Iranian nuclear activities.
The IAEA confirms having verified that Iran has implemented the measures covered by the 14th of July 2015 agreement, paving the way for implementation of the JCPOA.
IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano clears for release the report on Verification and Monitoring in the Islamic Republic of Iran in light of United Nations Security Council Resolution 2231 (2015). Far left, Tero Varjoranta, IAEA Deputy Director General and Head of the Department of Safeguards. IAEA Vienna, Austria. 16 January 2016
Photo Credit: Dean Calma / IAEA
In particular, the IAEA may now conduct verification and monitoring of Iranian nuclear activities, as requested by the United Nations Security Council and duly approved by the IAEA Board of Governors.
M. Amano’s report, Director General of the IAEA, was sent to the United Nations Security Council. It was issued after Agency inspectors on the ground verified that Iran has carried out all measures required under the JCPOA to enable Implementation Day to occur. This report being sent was a crucial precondition for the lifting of economic and financial sanctions, and for supporting of the implementation of said agreement in accordance with Security Council Resolution 2231 (2015).
In line with its commitments, Iran will start to provisionally implement the Additional Protocol to its Safeguards Agreement with the IAEA. Together with other nuclear-related measures under the JCPOA, this increases the Agency’s ability to monitor nuclear activities in Iran and to verify that they are peaceful.
Saturday was an “important day” according to Yukiya Amano. In New York, this event was welcomed by Ban Ki-Moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations, in a press release dated 16th January.
Soon after the publication of said report, the French Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Development welcomed the implementation of the JCPOA. M. Fabius also declared:
«Through its constructive and firm stance, France highly has strongly contributed to the conclusion of this agreement; it will remain vigilant regarding its strict application and respect.»
«This constitutes an important step towards achieving peace and security, as well as pursuing international efforts against nuclear proliferation.»
According to the agreement, the ‘snap-back’ mechanism, which remains in place for 10 years, allows for sanctions to be automatically resumed in case of failure by Iran to fulfil its obligations.